The fantasy of modern electronics started when Sir Ambrose Fleming invented the vacuum tube or diode back in 1904. His invention opened the doors for researchers in the field of electronics and eventually Bell Laboratories in 1947 came with an even bigger invention called as transistor. The goal of electronics since its invention is to increase the processing power and to reduce the power consumption of devices.
First computer the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC) was weighed 30 tons, and had 18,000 vacuum tubes which was used for processing. With the invention of integrated circuits (IC) the size of computers reduced remarkably and their processing power increased dramatically. IBM introduced the Personnel computer (PC) in 1981 which can be used for multitasking. Modern computers are being used in computing problems but these computers still have limited processing power against complex computing problems.
IBM Quantum Computing Lab
Quantum computing is the use of quantum-mechanical phenomenon such as superposition and entanglement to perform operations on data. Quantum Computers uses quantum bits (qubits) to encode information rather than binary bit digital computers that use transistor. These “qubits” are particles in a quantum state of superposition, which allows them to encode and transmit information as 0s and 1s simultaneously. Most computers run on binary bit systems which use either 0s or 1s. Since quantum computers can use both at the same time, they can process more information faster.
With accelerated processing abilities of quantum computing it is best suited to complex fields like Optimization problems, Machine learning, Pattern recognition, Image processing, Cyber security, Financial Analysis and Bioinformatics etc. Looking at the Computing power of these quantum computers we can easily say that quantum computing is the future of electronics.